Community Engagement

University of Northern Iowa - Community Engagement

  • person painting a building

Types of Service-Learning


 Indirect Service-Learning: Not always visiblewoman holding a garden hose

 Working indirectly with individuals and organizations to address a community issue or need.


        Painting rain barrels for land and water conservation efforts

        Revitalizing buildings and structures

        Creating a community garden

        Creating promotional materials for local organizations




 Direct Service-Learning: Usually visiblestudents learning from a teacher

 Working directly with individuals and organizations to address a community issue or need.


        Tutoring other students and adults

        Serving meals to the homeless

        Volunteering for disaster services




 Advocacy Service-Learning:speaker talking to a group of peopl

 Planning, conducting, and/or creating awareness initiatives and events to address a community issue or need.


        Bringing in a guest speaker and discussion on a topic of interest in a community (Author of White Rage)

        Educating and promoting pesticide-free lawns among local schools, daycares, and churches (Green Iowa)

        Working with elected officials to draft legislation to improve communities





person looking at chart Research-Based Service-Learning:

 Collecting, analyzing, and/or implementing qualitative and quantitative data to address a community issue or need.


        Analyzing an organization’s survey results to evaluate the effectiveness of their program

        Conduct energy audits in public buildings

        Compiling history facts






Suffolk University. (2017, August 01). Modes of Service-Learning. Retrieved October 16, 2018, from

University of Central Arkansas. (2018). University of Central Arkansas | UCA | Types of Service Learning. Retrieved from

University of Minnesota. (2011). Direct, Indirect, Research, and Advocacy Engagement. Retrieved April 1, 2020 from